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COP 19 Athens
In recent years the expansion of large cities, the continuous growth of tourist flow, the rise in living standards and the subsequent change of consumption patterns have led to a significant increase on the amount of municipal waste and to the limitation of appropriate disposal areas. Moreover, the composition of waste has evolved in recent years (increase of hazardous and toxic waste, development of complex packaging material, etc.).

Modern concepts and practices for the management of municipal solid waste require longer planning as well as the implementation of integrated systems, with key objectives being sustainability and effective management. Large amounts of useful materials such as paper, glass, aluminium, plastic, metal, wood can either be reused or recycled, saving huge amounts of raw materials and energy.

In fact, landfills should be designated for the disposal of residues occurring after the treatment/recycling of waste.


The provisions of Law 2939/2001 (Official Gazette of the Hellenic Republic Issue No. 179, First Bulletin) on packaging and all relevant Presidential Decrees on the alternative management of waste tires, end-of life vehicles, waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), waste batteries and accumulators and waste oils have established the polluter-pays principle, requiring the participation of producers of such waste in Alternative Management Systems, so as to organize their collection, after separating them at source, transport, transshipment, temporary storage and recovery. Quantitative targets for separate collection and recovery have been set for each waste stream.

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